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Setting up a new CVS repository on UNIX

Ask your administrator to create a new CVS repository. Once this is done, configure your user profile file as follows.

Add the following lines to the end of your user profile file (.profile on Bourne shell; .bash_profile on Bourne Again SHell, .cshrc on C shell, .profile on Korn shell, .tcshrc on TC shell, .zshrc on Z shell):

Bourne, Bourne Again, Korn shell users:

CVSROOT=:pserver:${LOGNAME}@<host>:<repository path>
export CVSROOT
cvs () { <cvs path> "$@"; }

Other shell users:

setenv CVSROOT :pserver:${LOGNAME}@<host>:<repository path>
alias cvs <cvs path>

Creating a new CVS project

First, select a location for your development shadow directory. I normally use ~/dev. Create it if it doesn't exist.

If you haven't already logged into CVS, do so now:

cvs login

CVS will prompt you for your password.

Inside the shadow directory, create a project directory. I like to group related projects into logical meta-projects. Suppose the meta-project is called "misc" and the project is called "test":

mkdir ~/dev/misc
mkdir ~/dev/misc/test

Go to the project directory:

cd ~/dev/misc/test

If you already have some existing project files, copy them to ~/dev/misc/test. If not, simply carry on.

Execute CVS import:

cvs import -m "Imported new project" misc/test pbilokon start

"Imported new project" is simply a log message. misc/test tells CVS where in the repository the files in the current directory should go, thus they will be placed under <repository>/misc/test. The fact that the current directory is also called ~/dev/misc/test is a "coincidence"; it doesn't really matter where you put the files within your local shadow (but it helps to be organised).

pbilokon is a vendor tag and start is a release tag. CVS requires you to specify them.

If the CVS import succeeds, you will see the following:

No conflicts created by this import

The files have been copied to the repository; you can delete the project directory if you want:

cd ~/dev
rm -r ~/dev/misc/test

Now you can check them out from the repository:

cd ~/dev
cvs checkout misc/test

CVS will re-create ~/dev/misc/test and put the project files under that directory.


If you don't like the idea of grouping projects into meta-projects, you can omit "misc" in the explanation above.

  • This page was last modified on 1 August 2007, at 23:22.
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